Sodium Hydroxide Definition
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye and Caustic Soda is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations Na+ and hydroxide anions OH−. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·nH2O. The monohydrate NaOH·H2O crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available “sodium hydroxide” is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students.
NaOH or Sodium Hydroxide or lye are thin white sheets that are moisture absorbent and soluble in water. It is derived from the evaporation of liquid Sodium Hydroxide, which is itself produced through membrane technology.
Sodium hydroxide or Lye with NaOH chemical formula, a solid white solid with a melting temperature of 2°C and a density of 0.5 Perk profits can easily absorb moisture from the air and, therefore, have to be protected during transportation.
Chemical formula: NaOH
Analysis: 98±1 %
Scientific name: Sodium hydroxide
Industrial Name: caustic soda, lye
Sodium Hydroxide Application
1. Used in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents.
2. Used in as a drain cleaner.
3. Used in the paper industry.
4. Used in the manufacture of sodium salts and detergents.
5. Used for pH regulation.
6. Used in the Bayer process of Aluminum production.
7. Used in many scenarios where it is desirable to increase the alkalinity of a mixture, or to neutralize acids.
8. Used as an additive in drilling mud to increase alkalinity in bentonite mud systems.
9. Poor quality crude oil can be treated with Lye to remove sulfurous impurities in a process known as caustic washing.
10. Widely used in pulping of wood for making paper or regenerated fibers.
11. Used to digest tissues, as in a process that was used with farm animals at one time.
12. Acts as an agent to make the solution alkaline, which aluminum can dissolve in.
13. Traditionally used in soap making.
14. Used as a catalyst for the transesterification of methanol and triglycerides.
15. washing or chemical peeling of fruits and vegetables, chocolate and cocoa processing, caramel coloring production, poultry scalding, soft drink processing, and thickening ice cream.
Sodium Hydroxide Characteristics
1. It is a white solid which has a melting point of 591K
2. It is a stable compound.
3. NaOH is bitter in taste and has a soapy feel to it.
4. It is highly soluble in water and moderately soluble in alcohol.
5. Sodium hydroxide is strongly alkaline in nature.
6. Boiling Point : 1388°C.
7. Melting Point : 318°C.
8. Easily soluble in cold water, hot water.
9. Density : 2.1 g/cm³ @ 25°C.
10. Vapor Pressure : 0 mmHg (approx)
|Product name||Caustic Soda Flakes 98%|
Packing of Sodium Hydroxide
|Packing:||25Kg Bags, 24MT Per 20′ FCL|
|Minimum Order:||1 x 20′ FCL|
|Molar Mass||40.0 g/mol|
|Melting point||323 °C|
|Boiling point||1390 °C|
|Solubility in Water||111 g /100 ml at 20 °C|
|Synonyms: Caustic Soda, lye|